Endodontics is part of dentistry that deals with the root canal treatment. It is an extremely important part of overall dental treatment. Well conducted root canal treatment provides security for the subsequent prosthetic treatment or just how long this tooth will remain in the patient` s mouth.
When resorting to root canal treatment?
Root canal treatment is required most often in cases of complicated caries which has become so deep that affects the pulp - pulpit. Sometimes due to inflammation around the tooth roots changes of tissues appear in the form of granulations. In these cases it is necessary a root canal treatment to be carried out.
How is the treatment carried out?
After the anaesthesia the tooth opens and the passability of the canals is checked out, Canals can be from 1 to 4, depending on the tooth, and sometimes more. In most cases they are close, so they must be mechanically extended to ensure access of disinfectant solutions to reach the infected tissues. Then the canals are filled with indifferent material, usually with gutta-percha with sealer to obturate and seal the canals and prevent new bacterial invasion.
Then the tooth is restored with aesthetic filling or crown.